24/04/2018 By Phillip Judd There is a reason why the Swiss excel at digging tunnels: they have been doing it for a very long time. In 1680, tunnels were dug into the Vaud Alps near Bex to get at salt buried there more than 200 million years earlier. © Salines Suisses SA According to legend, a young shepherd noticed his goats preferred to drink water from particular springs. Tasting the water, he found it was salty. Later, in 1475, Bernese invaders boiled this salty water in large pots to extract the salt. But, by 1680, the salty springs were drying up. That’s when the digging started. Back then digging was slow and labourious. It took two men a month to dig one metre. Today there is a labyrinthe of 50,000 metres of hand-dug underground tunnels, wells and galleries connected by trains, paths and stairways. The tour starts with a short film in a large underground cavern. A multilingual guide with a knowledge of salt as deep as the mine itself then whisks visitors through … [Read more...] about Going underground – Touring Switzerland’s oldest salt mine
World wide underground
House hunters looking for a solid investment could be on safe ground as the last keep built in England has gone on sale for £600,000. Fortified Eggbuckland Keep, in Devon dates from about 1872 and is a Grade II* Listed Building and Scheduled Ancient Monument - one in a line of massive Palmerstonian defences built around Plymouth to defend the city and Devonport Naval Base against the perceived threat of land and sea attack. Reputedly the last keep built in England and intended to have a dual purpose as a barracks for 230 men and a strengthened inner defence position of last resort, it has been described by English Heritage as 'one of the most significant buildings in Plymouth and a designated heritage asset of national importance'. This Fortified Eggbuckland Keep in Devon dates from about 1872 and is a Grade II* Listed Building This is believed to be the last keep built in England and was designed to house 230 soldiers and form a last line of defence The unusual … [Read more...] about Britain’s last underground fortress for sale for £600,000
Plymouth's house-hunters are constantly searching through property portals and new homes supplements in a bid to find their 'forever' homes. The city certainly has a range of amazing and unusual properties - but we'd be surprised if you've come across anything as unique as Eggbuckland Keep. The fortified construction dates from about 1872 and is a Grade II* Listed Building and Scheduled Ancient Monument – one in a line of massive Palmerstonian defences built around Plymouth to defend the city and Devonport Naval Base against the perceived threat of land and sea attack. Reputedly the last keep built in England and intended to have a dual purpose as a barracks for 230 men and a strengthened inner defence position of last resort, it has been described by English Heritage as "one of the most significant buildings in Plymouth and a designated heritage asset of national importance". Eggbuckland Keep occupies an elevated position at the junction of Fort Austin Avenue and Shirburn Road … [Read more...] about Fancy owning your own underground fortress?
Lying just below the surface of Manchester sits a complex network of underground tunnels. Several kilometres of subterranean passageways and spaces stretch under large parts of the city centre and beyond. These tunnels include the remnants of a tube station that never was, a communications bunker, air raid shelters, canals and even shops. Author Keith Warrender has written two books on the subject, Underground Manchester and Below Manchester, and regularly gives talks on what is below the surface of Manchester. Keith, who took the took the above pictures during his various trips below ground, said there is evidence of tunnels being used below the city for several hundred years. He added: "It was something that interested me and I began to research the subject and started to do talks on it. People then shared their own things with me and it all came from there. "The tunnels range from a long period of time. "Some go back to the times of the religious persecution where people of the … [Read more...] about Underground Manchester: Tunnels, a tube station and hidden shops
The cost of maintaining a drugs, booze and cigarettes habit got a lot more expensive in the U.S. last year, rising the most of almost anywhere in the world, the annual Bloomberg Global Vice Index shows.Americans had to fork out over $200 more for a basket of so-called vice goods last year versus 2016, with only New Zealand seeing a bigger increase. The gauge compares the share of income needed to maintain a broad weekly habit of cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine and opioids across more than 100 countries. Doing so eats up more than a third of the average weekly paycheck in more than three quarters of the economies tracked, the index shows.The gauge is purely an economic indicator, not a judgment about morality or legality. Nor does it track gambling, prostitution or other illicit activities.Vice is cheapest in Luxembourg, where the cost comes in at less than 10 percent of the $2,071 average weekly wage, which is the highest in the world. The Bahamas, Switzerland, … [Read more...] about These Are the World’s Cheapest Places for Drugs, Booze and Cigarettes