Climate action is way off course in all but one of the world’s 20 biggest economies, according to a report that shows politicians are paying more heed to the fossil fuel industry than to advice from scientists. Among the G20 nations 15 reported a rise in emissions last year, according to the most comprehensive stock-take to date of progress towards the goals of the Paris climate agreement. The paper, by the global partnership Climate Transparency, found 82% of energy in these countries still being provided by coal, oil and gas, a factor which has relied on an increase of about 50% in subsidies over the past 10 years to compete with increasingly cheap wind, solar and other renewable energy sources. The G20 nations spent $147bn (£114bn) on subsidies in 2016, although they pledged to phase them out more than 10 years ago. Governments have said they will change, but on current commitments the world is on course for a 3.2C rise in average global temperatures, more than double the … [Read more...] about G20 nations still led by fossil fuel industry, climate report finds
Where is fossil fuel from
FRACKING has been an endless source of controversy in recent years, with environmental concerns hampering attempts to establish the practice in the UK. The drilling technique is already banned in Scotland – but how does it work and why has it sparked such debate? What is fracking and why is it controversial? Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is a technique for recovering gas and oil from shale rock. It works by drilling into the earth before injecting water, sand and chemicals at high pressure into the rock to release the gas inside. After first being approved for commercial use in 1950, it has been extensively used in the US, where it is credited with boosting oil production and driving down petrol prices. While the natural gas extracted from fracking produces significantly less carbon dioxide than other fossil fuels, such as coal, the technique has faced widespread condemnation from environmentalists. One concern surrounds the sheer quantity of water required to complete the … [Read more...] about What is fracking, why was it banned in Scotland and where is the drilling technique being used in the UK?
National says the Government has failed to provide evidence that axing oil and gas exploration will reduce carbon emissions. Energy Minister Megan Woods told Newshub Nation on Saturday it was "common knowledge" and a "widely held" view, but didn't back it up with research. "It's not an interpretation. It's a matter of fact," she told the show. Why Megan Woods thinks MBIE is wrong Advice from the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) said it would just force manufacturers to take production offshore, to countries where coal was still being dug up - like China. Drilling ban could cost NZ $8 billion over 23 years - MBIE Oil industry says it had no warning of ban But National energy spokesperson Jonathan Young says the ban isn't going to reduce emissions. "Companies like Methanex that rely on natural gas from New Zealand, if they can't get their supply and they can't supply the market, that will be produced in places like China, who use coal to produce methanol." Ms … [Read more...] about Government ‘trying to close down people’s voice’ on fossil fuels, gas
The authors of the much-discussed report warn that exceeding the crucial threshold even by half a degree would severely exacerbate floods, storms, heat-waves, sea-level rise and other problems caused by global warming, and urge governments around the world to introduce “rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society”. Hassi reminds that while the necessary changes will not be easy, they are also not impossible. “The report offers hope that it is still possible to avoid the worst consequences of climate change and contain limit global warming at 1.5 degrees,” she writes in a press release. “The report also calls for swift action. The whole humankind must break free from fossil fuels by the midway point of the century. Industrial countries, including Finland, must shut down fossil fuel use in less than 20 years.” The IPCC pointed out that in addition to reducing emissions, countries around the world must do their utmost to … [Read more...] about Hassi: Finland must shut down fossil fuel use in less than 20 years
Fossil fuel soot has been found inside human placentas for the first time, showing the risk pollution poses for unborn babies. Scientists examined the placentas of five London women, looking closely at immune cells called macrophages which they say "eat" harmful particles to protect the foetus. "We've known for a while that air pollution affects foetal development and can continue to affect babies after birth and throughout their lives," said Lisa Miyashita, a post-doctoral researcher at Queen Mary University of London. "We were interested to see if these effects could be due to pollution particles moving from the mother's lungs to the placenta. Until now, there has been very little evidence that inhaled particles get into the blood from the lung." New satellite images show shocking extent of Earth's air pollution Where is the worst air pollution in the world? None of the five women were smokers, and all had routine pregnancies ended by planned caesarean sections. Each placenta the … [Read more...] about Fossil fuel pollution: Not even unborn babies are safe