What is international womens day
"For the people, by the people," declared Social Democrat politician Philipp Scheidemann on November 9, 1918, from a Reichstag balcony in Berlin. He was proclaiming the founding of the republic, if only a provisional one at first. A vote took place two months later, on January 19, 1919. In between, a caretaker government led by Friedrich Ebert, chairman of the Social Democrats (SPD), oversaw the transition from monarchy to parliamentary democracy. It came at the cost of thousands of lives — revolutionaries who fought in a civil war. Among the victims were Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, founders of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD). They were murdered four days before the election. Germany's first democracy was born under ominous conditions. Germany's SPD-dominated provisional congress dissolved itself in December 1918 to make way for the first free, fair, direct and open general elections. Read more: Germany marks 100 years since Luxemburg-Liebknecht … [Read more...] about Weimar, 1919: Birth of Germany’s first democracy
I don’t remember much from my two brief years at boarding school – I was only eight. But do I remember one thing vividly: a school play that included a reference to “the visitors”. All the older girls and teachers laughed at this, and I had no idea why. It wasn’t funny. Afterwards, I was told that “visitors” were periods, though I don’t think I knew what periods were either. And that was my first exposure to society’s endless talent for euphemising an inevitable and natural aspect of women’s lives: the monthly shedding of the lining of their uterus. Uterus. Yuck. What a horrible word. Vagina: even worse. Menstruation sounds like a disease. Menarche, endometrium: what do they even mean? Euphemisms are everywhere. Having written a book on sanitation, I’ve become expert at them. Languages have always contained them: the Greeks called them the Furies, those rather angry goddesses, or the Gracious Ones in the hope they would … [Read more...] about Bad blood: the taboo on talking about periods is damaging lives
ARMISTICE Day is observed every year on November 11 to mark the end of World War I. Below we explain why the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month is so important. When did World War I end? World War 1 ended on November 11, 1918, when the armistice was signed by Germany and the Allies at Compiègne, France. The agreement marked a WW1 victory for the Allies and a complete defeat for Germany, although not formally a surrender. The end of the land, sea and air war took effect at exactly 11am – the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. By the time World War I was over, more than 18 million people had been killed worldwide.The actual terms of the deal, largely written by the Allied Supreme Commander Marshal Ferdinand Foch, included the cessation of hostilities, the withdrawal of German forces to behind the Rhine, Allied occupation of the Rhineland and bridgeheads further east, the preservation of infrastructure, the surrender of aircraft, … [Read more...] about When did World War I end and where was the Armistice Agreement signed?
My physio, a young woman called Lucy, was simply making conversation. She wanted to distract me from the serious discomfort she was about to inflict by massaging the nerves around my painful posterior tibial tendon, an ankle injury that I assumed I had brought on by running too much. “My mother’s post-tib has ruptured,” she said. “It’s really common in menopausal women.” This definitely worked as a distraction. What did all this have to do with the menopause, I asked? She looked surprised, because to her the answer was obvious: “Collagen.” For about a year, the skin on my hands had been peeling, monthly. I had seen GPs and pharmacists and been given various remedies, from “Try thick hand cream,” to “Drink more water.” Lucy’s comment made me research more: oestrogen is related to collagen production, and when oestrogen levels start to change in women who are in the stage approaching the menopause (the … [Read more...] about What science doesn’t know about the menopause: what it’s for and how to treat it