ARMISTICE Day is observed every year on November 11 to mark the end of World War I. Below we explain why the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month is so important. When did World War I end? World War 1 ended on November 11, 1918, when the armistice was signed by Germany and the Allies at Compiègne, France. The agreement marked a WW1 victory for the Allies and a complete defeat for Germany, although not formally a surrender. The end of the land, sea and air war took effect at exactly 11am – the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. By the time World War I was over, more than 18 million people had been killed worldwide.The actual terms of the deal, largely written by the Allied Supreme Commander Marshal Ferdinand Foch, included the cessation of hostilities, the withdrawal of German forces to behind the Rhine, Allied occupation of the Rhineland and bridgeheads further east, the preservation of infrastructure, the surrender of aircraft, … [Read more...] about When did World War I end and where was the Armistice Agreement signed?
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It was the first Sunday anyone could remember without a mass at St Sebastian’s. A week since the bombings that killed at least 250 people, Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith, Sri Lanka’s most senior Catholic, had ordered the country’s churches not to hold services until police could be sure they would not be attacked. In a televised mass, Ranjith delivered a homily before members of the clergy and the country’s leaders in a small chapel at his Colombo residence. But in Negombo, those who could not bear to stay home came anyway. Channa Rejunjoyne has been making candles for St Sebastian’s church for decades. He had attended mass the night before the attack. His wife and nine-year-old daughter were both there the next morning. Now he was alone, standing outside the church gate, thumbs in his pockets, staring intensely at nothing in particular. “I feel a deep sense of sorrow,” Rejunjoyne, 49, said. “I have buried my wife and child.” A priest had … [Read more...] about Sri Lanka: churches shut as worshippers mourn one week after bombings
Mohammed Bouazizi's 16-year-old sister, Basma, remembers her brother for the little gifts he would bring when he returned home from work as a fruit seller in the city of Sidi Bouzid. The world knows Mohammed Bouazizi for something else: as the poor and desperate young man, harassed by the authorities, who set fire to himself in this town in central Tunisia, inspiring a revolution that brought down the country's dictator, an act still reverberating through the Arab world. "He was funny," says Basma, "and generous." She stops for a moment to recall the elder brother who once walked her to school. "When he would get angry with me he always came afterwards and asked me to forgive him." His mother, Manoubia, points to where her late son slept in the tiny white-walled bedroom he shared with his younger brother, Karim. It is picture-less and stacked with a few cushions and bedclothes. There is nothing here to suggest the life now gone, to associate a name thrust out of obscurity into the … [Read more...] about Mohammed Bouazizi: the dutiful son whose death changed Tunisia’s fate
We made it. Election day. The party leaders have given their final pitches, rallied their last rallies, and now here we are. We’ve got the news you need to get started today and you can follow live coverage of events from our indefatigable politics team, who will be working all day and well into the wee hours to bring you all the action – and the results. What’s going on? Well, the campaign is finally over. It’s been a whirlwind six weeks in which the leaders have travelled across the country, stolen phones, hidden in fridges, refused to apologise for their party’s handling of antisemitism when repeatedly asked by Andrew Neil, refused to be interviewed by Andrew Neil at all, posed in boxing rings, posed bulldozing a menacing tower of styrofoam blocks, watched as their confident promise of becoming prime minister quickly became a vanishingly small prospect, or as their pledge to help the Tories by pulling out of seats backfired. Both Boris Johnson and … [Read more...] about Thursday briefing: Now for the only poll that counts
Talks between Greece and its eurozone creditors collapsed in disarray on Monday night, heightening concerns that the country is edging closer to a disruptive exit from the single currency. The breakdown of discussions in Brussels over the Greek bailout programme appeared to leave both sides as far apart as ever, although eurozone finance ministers said a last-ditch summit could be held on Friday. However, the Greek delegation was told in no uncertain terms that talks would recommence only if the country was willing to extend its bailout package, which carries a list of austerity measures that the new left-wing government in Athens has vowed to pare back. Effectively presenting Greece with an ultimatum, the eurogroup of eurozone finance ministers said Athens had until Friday to agree to maintain the current bailout under the auspices of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund – something that Greece has said is unacceptable. … [Read more...] about Greece bailout talks break down after Athens rejects ‘unacceptable’ eurozone demands