The world is short of surgeons — 143m people are denied operations each year and 5bn lack access to safe, affordable surgical services. Training surgeons is expensive and time-consuming. But autonomous robots could eventually perform many medical operations as well as helping standardise procedures and ensure best practice. Totally robotic surgeons are still far-off, but researchers are using artificial intelligence, machine learning and augmented reality to help train human surgeons and give them more assistance in theatre.One approach focuses on the cognitive — rather than mechanical — process of operations, using data and algorithms to define them. This is the route being taken by Digital Surgery, a technology company with operations in London and North America. Jean Nehme, its co-founder and chief executive, says: “It is about understanding the decision-making that goes on in the brain of expert surgeons based on their training and experience.” 5bn … [Read more...] about Robot surgeons lack tactile sensation to replace humans
Robotic arm controlled by brain
Tablets and other mobile computing devices are part of everyday life, but using them can be difficult for people with paralysis. New research from the BrainGate consortium shows that a brain-computer interface (BCI) can enable people with paralysis to directly operate an off-the-shelf tablet device just by thinking about making cursor movements and clicks. In a study published November 21 in PLOS ONE, three clinical trial participants with tetraplegia, each of whom was using the investigational BrainGate BCI that records neural activity directly from a small sensor placed in the motor cortex, were able to navigate through commonly used tablet programs, including email, chat, music-streaming and video-sharing apps. The participants messaged with family, friends, members of the research team and their fellow participants. They surfed the web, checked the weather and shopped online. One participant, a musician, played a snippet of Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" on a digital piano interface. … [Read more...] about Brain-Computer Interface Enables People with Paralysis to Control Tablet Devices
Battle turrets and AI missiles are the first step towards the appearance of Terminators in the world's most hi-tech armies, including Russia's. Robots and smart weapons capable of replacing human soldiers on the battlefield are a major arms development trend in the early 21st century. The world's strongest armies already have prototype machines that are the embryonic Terminators and Robocops of tomorrow. The Russian army is no exception. Combat modules The Russian army's first "robots" (besides small robotic minesweepers controlled by an operative with a joystick like in a video game) are combat modules installed in place of machine-gun turrets in light and heavy armored vehicles. One of them, manufactured by Kalashnikov Concern, is a type of remotely controlled turret with two machine guns of 12.7 and 7.62 mm caliber, which you can read about in more detail here. The second is a similar “turret” mounted on a light-armored "Tigr"-type vehicle. Its 30 mm cannon and 12.7 … [Read more...] about What robots are already serving in the Russian army?
A SpaceX Dragon cargo ship carrying three tons of equipment and supplies, including super-caffeinated coffee, fresh fruit and ice cream bars for the astronauts, was attached to the International Space Station Monday after a problem-free three-day rendezvous. The delivery also included a robot called CIMON on a mission to serve as an "astronaut assistant." The automated spacecraft, launched from Cape Canaveral Friday atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, pulled up to within about 30 feet of the space station early Monday and then stood by while astronaut Ricky Arnold, operating the lab's robot arm, locked onto a grapple fixture at 6:54 a.m. EDT (GMT-4). Flight controllers at the Johnson Space Center in Houston took over arm operations at that point, remotely pulling the Dragon in for berthing at the forward Harmony module's Earth-facing port, a process that took about three hours. Motorized bolts in the docking mechanism then drove home, creating an airtight seal and firmly locking the … [Read more...] about SpaceX cargo ship brings coffee, ice cream, robot to space station
News / UK and world by Press Association July 2, 2018, 1:38 pm FacebookTwitterLinkedInWhatsAppEmail Sign up to our Daily newsletter The International Space Station has received its first robot with artificial intelligence, along with some berries, ice cream and identical brown mice. SpaceX’s capsule reached the station three days after launching from Cape Canaveral, Florida. ISS astronaut Ricky Arnold used a large mechanical arm to grab the Dragon capsule as the spacecraft soared above Quebec, Canada. The nearly 6,000lb delivery includes the round robot Cimon, pronounced Simon. Slightly bigger than a basketball, the AI robot from the German Space Agency is meant to assist German astronaut Alexander Gerst with science experiments. Cimon’s brain will constantly be updated by IBM so its intelligence — and role — keep growing. There were also genetically identical mice for a study of gut bacteria, and super-caffeinated coffee aboard the … [Read more...] about A robot, ice cream and mice: SpaceX makes delivery to astronauts