BURSA – Demirören News Agency The site of an ancient Roman theater in the northwestern province of Bursa’s İznik district has been found to be much older than previously thought after archaeologists removed 1,600 tons of earth and extracted ceramics dating back to the 6th century B.C., the Ionian era. The head of the excavations, Aygün Ekin Meriç, an archaeology professor at Dokuz Eylül University, said they found traces of life dating back to the 6th century B.C. in the field of the 2nd-century A.D. theater, which was originally a three-story one and not two like previously thought. İznik is on the UNESCO World Heritage Site Tentative List, but officials are in intense efforts to carry it to the main list. Founded in 316 B.C. by Antigonius Monophthalmos, one of the commanders of the Macedonian King Alexander the Great, İznik still carries the traces of Bithynia, Rome, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman civilizations in almost … [Read more...] about Millennia-old historic underground in İznik
Old world underground
KIM Jong-un and North Korea's relentless pursuit of nuclear weapons has heightened global tensions and escalated the risk of military conflict with the US. But, very little is known about the dictator behind the military regime. Here is everything we do know. Who is Kim Jong-un? Kim is the second child of his predecessor as Supreme Leader, Kim Jong-il and his wife Kim Yong-hui. North Korean authorities have stated that his birth date is January 8, 1982, but South Korean intelligence officials believe the actual date is a year later. Chicago Bulls legend Dennis Rodman, who is a friend of the dictator, said he was born on January 8, 1983. But records at the Swiss school he attended say he was born on July 5, 1984 putting him anywhere between 33 and 35 years of age. Kim attended an English language school near Bern before later going to the Liebefeld Steinhölzli school in Koniz using the name "Pak Un." And it was during his time in Europe where he is said to have developed … [Read more...] about How old is Kim Jong-un, who’s his wife and when did North Korea’s Supreme Leader visit the South?
24/04/2018 By Phillip Judd There is a reason why the Swiss excel at digging tunnels: they have been doing it for a very long time. In 1680, tunnels were dug into the Vaud Alps near Bex to get at salt buried there more than 200 million years earlier. © Salines Suisses SA According to legend, a young shepherd noticed his goats preferred to drink water from particular springs. Tasting the water, he found it was salty. Later, in 1475, Bernese invaders boiled this salty water in large pots to extract the salt. But, by 1680, the salty springs were drying up. That’s when the digging started. Back then digging was slow and labourious. It took two men a month to dig one metre. Today there is a labyrinthe of 50,000 metres of hand-dug underground tunnels, wells and galleries connected by trains, paths and stairways. The tour starts with a short film in a large underground cavern. A multilingual guide with a knowledge of salt as deep as the mine itself then whisks visitors through … [Read more...] about Going underground – Touring Switzerland’s oldest salt mine
By April 24, 2018, 8:47 AM EDT Thousand year-old books have settled in the most futuristic of homes, gently cooled and shielded from the sun in an underground chamber of Qatar’s National Library.Designed by Pritzker Architecture Prize winner Rem Koolhaas, the library was opened by Qatar’s emir and his parents, who started the project in 2012. The family rules the world’s richest people, and that wealth has its perks.========Credit: Qatar National LibraryCaption 1- Shelves rise above the central space, and include lighting, ventilation and a book return system. The Heritage Collection, six meters (19.7 feet) below the main floor, includes maps and letters tracing the history of Qatar, from the first mention of Catara by a second century Greco-Roman cartographer to documents demarcating its modern borders. Other treasures are from another era: a page from one of the first copies of the Koran from the 9th or 10th century, and the medical and mechanical … [Read more...] about World’s Richest Country Showcases Ancient Books in New Library
5 August 2013 Last updated at 21:21 Share this page Delicious Digg Facebook reddit StumbleUpon Twitter Email Print Al-Qaeda, the Islamist militant network once led by Osama Bin Laden, may have underground cells in dozens of countries, but its main areas of activity, and those of some of its affiliates, are detailed below. Afghanistan and Pakistan Al-Qaeda was originally set up in Peshawar in 1988, and the tribal areas of the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region remain the front line in the war against Islamist militants. Al-Qaeda's co-operation with the Taliban meant that Osama Bin Laden was given sanctuary in Afghanistan prior to the September 11 attacks on New York and Washington. Having left Afghanistan in 2001, as a result of the US invasion, Bin Laden was ultimately found and killed in Abbottabad, Pakistan, in 2011. Ayman al-Zawahiri, last seen in Afghanistan in October 2001, was named the new leader of al-Qaeda in June 2011. The US has stepped up its … [Read more...] about Al-Qaeda around the world