Diabetes, Diet & Fitness, Heart, News & Analysis by Spectator Health reporter 10th October 2018 Share This Twitter Facebook Google+ Email Researchers at at Harvard Medical School in the US have discovered a gene mutation that slows the metabolism of sugar in the gut, giving people who have the mutation a distinct advantage over those who do not. Those with the mutation have a lower risk of diabetes, obesity, heart failure, and even death. The researchers say their finding could provide the basis for drug therapies that could mimic the workings of this gene mutation, offering a potential benefit for the millions of people who suffer with diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. The study, which has been published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, shows that people who have the natural gene mutation have an advantage when it comes to diet. Those who eat a high-carbohydrate diet and have this mutation will absorb less glucose than those … [Read more...] about Newly discovered gene mutation could be used to treat diabetes and heart disease
Newly discovered diseases
Pit bosses plotted to “delay” payouts to tens of thousands of miners dying from lung diseases. Newly-discovered memos from British Coal reveal plans to make it “costly and unattractive” for miners and their families to pursue claims. More than 450,000 ex-miners eventually won damages in the £2.4billion fight, but the process, involving a lengthy High Court case, was dragged out for decades and the final claim was not settled until 2012. More than half of claims were paid to families of miners who had already died. Solicitor Gareth Morgan, of law firm Hugh James, involved in the compensation fight from the start, said: “This memo explains their decision to fight everything.” The first British Coal memo, dated May 19 1997, and sent to executives, admits it had probably failed to defeat the miners’ claim that coal dust caused respiratory problems. The aim now was to “minimise liability” by trying to blame some of the … [Read more...] about Coal chiefs plotted to “delay” compensation from miners dying from lung diseases
Photo: Internet SYDNEY, 26 June (BelTA - Xinhua) - Scientists have identified hundreds of new genes associated with intelligence, a joint research project from the University of Queensland's Brain Institute and its partners in the Netherlands revealed on Tuesday.As well as the 939 new "smart genes," the authors said in another study that they had identified over 500 genes associated with neuroticism, an important risk factor for depression and schizophrenia."These results are a major step forward in understanding the neurobiology of cognitive function as well as genetically related neurological and psychiatric disorders," the study said.More than 250,000 individuals were tested for their genetic data and measurements of intelligence, while the study into neuroticism took data from almost half a million respondents.Together these studies provide new insights into the neurobiology and genetics of cognition.According to researchers, the findings suggest that our brains have … [Read more...] about Hundreds of new “smart genes” discovered by brain scientists
A research team at Hong Kong University's AIDS Institute says it may have found a "functional cure" to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, in a major breakthrough that could see a new antibody be used for both prevention and treatment. The research by the team led by Professor Chen Zhiwei comes as China is facing a growing epidemic issue among high risk groups, including gay men and sex workers. There are believed to be about 850,000 HIV-infected people in China. NZ HIV rates at all-time high West Coast teacher's HIV status revealed in letter to parents The HIV virus disables the immune system and makes people far more vulnerable to infections and disease. Chen's discovery, which has been tested on mice, shows that the new antibody can help control the virus and eliminate infected cells. The antibody would be able to treat all varieties of HIV - a first, Prof Chen said - as there is no one vaccine to treat the many different types of HIV viruses. "For our newly discovered bispecific … [Read more...] about ‘Functional cure’ for AIDS discovered
"Scientists Find Surprising Link Between Birth Month And Disease Risk," the Huffington Post reports. Using data mining techniques on 1.7 million electronic medical records, US researchers found an association between birth month and certain chronic diseases, as well as less serious conditions such as insect bites.Fifty-five diseases were found to be associated with birth month – 19 were previously reported in the literature, 20 were for conditions with close relationships to those previously reported, and 16 were new associations. The newly found associations were a mixed bag, ranging from various cardiovascular diseases (such as high blood pressure and heart failure) and prostate cancer, to incidents such as bruising and insect bites.The researchers speculate, based on the findings of other studies, why seasonal factors may contribute to specific disease risk, suggesting it could be the result of exposure to antigens such as pollen, varying vitamin D levels, and possibly … [Read more...] about Does your birthday affect your disease risk?