In December 2015, 195 members of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change agreed to "limit the temperature increase to 1.5C above preindustrial levels" in the Paris Agreement. For several cities in Europe - home to millions - the 1.5C threshold has already been reached. The 1.5C temperature increase is a global threshold and areas that are warming faster are not off-track from this goal; scientists have expected for decades that polar regions would warm more than areas closer to the equator. In Kiruna, a mining town in northern Sweden, average yearly temperatures were 3C higher in the 21st century (up to December 31st, 2017) compared to the 20th century yearly average. In Granada, Cordoba and Malaga, all Andalusian cities, the average yearly temperature in the 21st century was at least 1.5C higher than in the 20th century. In Bucharest, capital of Romania, temperatures increased by 1.4C. The increase … [Read more...] about [Visual Data] Every major city in Europe is getting warmer
Largest city in europe
Tables and chairs from cafes and bars that surround the scruffy but buzzing concrete market area, spill onto the pavements. Almost all of them are occupied by tourists, including groups of lairy 'nurses' and 'convicts', who look determined to drink the city dry as they shout their way from one drinking hole to the next. Krakow, the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland, plays host to an astonishing 10 million visitors a year - and most of them head for the city's Main Square or the rejuvenated Jewish quarter, Kazimierz. But these busy old streets were not always a place of such merriment. Krakow's Jewish community thrived here for more than 500 years and, by the beginning of the Second World War, had swelled to some 68,000 people, about a quarter of the city's population. Amid diabolical scenes of brutality and deprivation, that number nose-dived almost immediately after the Nazis swept into town, in September, 1939. Some 52,000 Jews were forcibly deported, suffering … [Read more...] about Krakow: Could this be the coolest city in Europe right now?
The Norwegian capital has plenty to fill the long days and light nights. Why go now? Long summer days and light nights are cause for celebration, with festivals and parades across the city. Oslo Jazz Festival (oslojazz.com) runs from Aug 12-18, with performances in concert halls, saunas and forest clearings. Connections from the UK with Norwegian (norwegian.com/uk), SAS (flysas.com/en), Ryanair (ryanair.com) British Airways (ba.com) and Finnair (finnair.com). Stay here Sleep with original artwork at fashion-forward The Thief (1) on Landgangen and wake up to glorious views of Oslo’s archipelago. Doubles from 3,890 Norwegian kroner (£362) including breakfast (telegraph.co.uk/tt-oslo/the-thief). Or save without scrimping at Clarion Collection Hotel Folketeateret (2) in an art deco building on Storgata. Doubles from 1,206 Nkr (£112) including a respectable breakfast, afternoon tea and small evening buffet (nordicchoicehotels.com). The Thief Oslo, Norway 8 … [Read more...] about Why Oslo is the best city in Europe for long summer nights
For thousands of years, people have looked to the stars to find greater meaning in the celestial objects above them. Ancient civilisations relied on the stars to guide their travel, using them to develop calendars and even named constellations after people from their cultures.According to the International Astronomical Union, wherever in the world you are, the 88 constellations are the same as those seen Plato, Cleopatra, William Shakespeare and Leonardo Da Vinci, when you’re looking at the night sky.So, as it’s Interntational Astronmy Day, look to the heavens and join the world’s stargazers. Here are Europe’s best spots to sit back and enjoy the some of the most impressive performances the natural world can produce.1. Northumberland, UKIn 2013, Northumberland National Park became an International Dark Sky Park. Along with Kielder Water and Forest Park, 572 square miles of land were given gold-tier status for the quality of starry nights on display, … [Read more...] about International Astronomy Day: 4 unexpected places to go stargazing in Europe
Filmmaker: Yorgos Avgeropoulos In 2010, water was officially recognised as a universal human right by the United Nations. However, the European Union has yet to do the same. The management of water has long been in the hands of private companies, but resistance to this profit-driven model has increased in Europe since 2000. Activists against water privatisation in Greece, Portugal and Ireland say that the EU applies pressure to privatise water services using the economic crisis as a pretext for the creation of a water market in Europe. In many cases, the decision to close the book on water privatisation is the response to the failure of private operators to put the needs of communities before profit. There have been 235 recorded cases of water remunicipalisation in 37 countries from 2000 to 2015, affecting over 100 million people. "Ninety-four cases of these come from France. And I think that this is quite important as a trend, especially since France is the country that has invented … [Read more...] about Up to the Last Drop: The Secret Water War in Europe