February 15, 2019 06:30 PM All it takes is a half-hour at this intersection in Lagos, the sprawling metropolis in Nigeria, to begin fearing this city. White oil tankers crawl along both on and beneath an overpass on the multilane Apapa Road, making their way out of the Niger River delta. Zipping around them are black-and-yellow rickshaws and minibuses, with sweaty passengers clinging to the doors. Every few meters, a truck hits the brakes with an ear-splitting shriek, the clouds of exhaust mixing with the diesel fumes of the generators. The foul air hangs like a thick blanket over the corrugated metal slums to the right and left of the street. Just 30 minutes at this intersection is enough to make you want to flee this city -- a megalopolis that is growing faster than almost any other place on earth. In the 1950s, Lagos was home to just 300,000 people. Today, around 20 million live here. And by 2050, that number is likely to double to 40 million. According to projections by the … [Read more...] about Four Billion More: What to Do About Massive Population Growth
Important factors determine population growth
Data published earlier this week confirmed Malta's strong economic performance. Real GDP grew by 7.5 per cent, further confirming that Malta is going through an economic boom. Last week's analysis looked at various sectors which have contributed to such growth, most notably service sectors. JP Fabri says that, being an island with no natural resources other than human capital and jurisdictional power, Malta's growth has largely been influenced by the island's ability to create and sustain ecosystems around innovative legislation establishing regulation-based economic sectors. The gaming sector is a case in point; not only has it contributed to the country's growth, but has been a magnet for foreign workers, leading to an increased demand for properties, especially rental ones. The human demand for property Last week, we described a number of demand and supply factors that have been contributing to the increase in the rental prices Malta is currently experiencing. This week, we focus on … [Read more...] about The workers behind Malta’s growth: Maltese or foreign?
So Alex Kane in his article – ‘Sinn Fein know there is nothing certain about a united Ireland’ (September 21) – believed the sixty something man who chuckled to him, ‘One thing is sure, Mr Kane, if we don’t get Irish unity when the odds seem so much in our favour, then it’ll be another generation before an opportunity as good as this one comes along’ with him was necessarily being serious, taking the aside hopefully to heart as meaning that should a united Ireland not materialise in the post-Brexit period then that, as unionists openly hope, would be that for a long, long time. But I and many others raised in Ireland spent our youth among such men: uncles, parent’s friends and so on, and such pointed jokes that were in fact digs at the listener were their stock in trade. It’s a peculiarly Irish gently teasing humour, often designed to make the listener feel that they had heard what they’d been hoping for, when in fact … [Read more...] about Real mistake to think Brexit is main factor driving interest in united Ireland
A new computer program can analyze images of patients' lung tumors, specify cancer types, and even identify altered genes driving abnormal cell growth, a new study shows. Led by researchers at NYU School of Medicine and published online in Nature Medicine, the study found that a type of artificial intelligence (AI), or "machine learning" program, could distinguish with 97 percent accuracy between adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma - two lung cancer types that experienced pathologists at times struggle to parse without confirmatory tests. The AI tool was also able to determine whether abnormal versions of 6 genes linked to lung cancer--including EGFR, KRAS, and TP53 - were present in cells, with an accuracy that ranged from 73 to 86 percent depending on the gene. Such genetic changes or mutations often cause the abnormal growth seen in cancer, but can also change a cell's shape and interactions with its surroundings, providing visual clues for automated analysis. Determining … [Read more...] about Artificial Intelligence can Determine Lung Cancer Type
Population trends have always shaped the world, sparking terrible conflicts but also huge progress. Today demographers believe we are at a turning point. Birth rates in much of developed world are falling fast, leaving many countries with too few young workers to support rapidly aging populations. On the other hand, Africa is experiencing a population boom of an unprecedented scale, with numbers set to nearly double to 2.5 billion by 2050. If managed well these trends could allow the world to reap a "population dividend" and fuel decades of improved living standards and sustained economic growth. But if handled badly growing discontent, uncontrolled migration and conflict are likely. We’ve put together 13 charts that show how the world’s population is changing and how governments can influence those changes for good. 1. There are more people in the world than ever before The world is currently home to 7.6 billion people, a … [Read more...] about Defusing the ‘demographic timebomb’: the world’s population challenges in 13 charts