Natural disasters including wildfires, hurricanes and tsunamis inflicted $160 billion of damage and claimed 10,400 lives in 2018, German reinsurer Munich Re said Tuesday. The financial toll was far below the $350 billion recorded the previous year in a record hurricane season, the firm said in its annual reckoning, but above the 30-year average of $140 billion. As with the previous year, the United States suffered the heaviest losses from disasters globally, with its second record wildfire season in a row. But it was given some respite from damaging storms, with the hurricanes hitting the country in 2018 inflicting far less destruction than in 2017. Wildfires dealt $24 billion of damage in California, while Hurricanes Florence and Michael accounted for a combined $30 billion. Just one blaze known as the "Camp Fire" killed 86 people and caused losses of $16.5 billion in early November as it tore through the foothills of the Sierra Nevada. As losses from wildfires have grown in step with … [Read more...] about $160B damage caused by global natural disaster in 2018
Destruction caused by tsunami
Shocking images have emerged showing the devastation after a tsunami hit coastal towns in Indonesia’s Sunda Straight on Saturday night. At least 222 people were killed and 843 were injured when waves believed to be as high as 10ft struck at about 9.30pm local time. Aerial photographs from the district of Carita show buildings ripped apart in the disaster with debris strewn across the ground. Hundreds of homes on the islands of Java and Sumatra have been destroyed while other buildings were "heavily damaged" when the tsunami struck, Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman for the disaster mitigation agency, said. Other images show the cars that have been wrecked by the wall water, which is believed to have been caused by the eruption of Anak Krakatau, a volcanic island formed over years following the catastrophic eruption that obliterated the original island of Krakatoa in 1883. It erupted about 24 minutes before the tsunami, the geophysics agency said. Tourists were also affected during … [Read more...] about Devastating photos show destruction as deadly tsunami hits Indonesia
MOUNT Etna is one of the most active and destructive volcanoes in the world - having wiped out entire villages after shooting lava and ash hundreds of feet into the air. We examine Europe's tallest active volcano and look at where it is based, when it last erupted, and why it's sliding into the Mediterranean. Where is Mount Etna? The volcano Mount Etna sits on the east coast of the island of Sicily, Italy. It is set between the cities of Messina and Catania and lies between the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. Towering Etna is the tallest active volcano in Europe and stands at a staggering 3,329m - making it the highest peak in Italy south of the Alps. Etna is also by far the largest of three active volcanoes in Italy and roughly two and a half times the height of the second largest Mount Vesuvius. Etna is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is an almost constant state of activity. The fertile soil around the volcano … [Read more...] about Where is Mount Etna, is it sliding into the Mediterranean Sea and will it cause a tsunami?
MICHAEL DALY Last updated 14:51, August 13 2018 Jose Borrero, eCoast Marine Consulting and Research An animation of the tsunami caused by the 1868 magnitude 8.5-9 earthquake offshore from the Chile-Peru border region. It is the only tsunami known to have killed anyone in New Zealand since the arrival of Europeans. A massive earthquake off Peru 150 years ago ruptured 600km of seafloor, causing a tsunami that churned across the Pacific Ocean, crashing into the Chatham Islands and causing a 10 metre-high wave that killed maybe 20 people.Thought to be the only deadly tsunami in New Zealand's recorded history, the killer wave, which struck soon after midnight, is being remembered at an event at the Chathams on Wednesday.A few hours after hitting the Chathams, the 1868 tsunami smashed into Banks Peninsula. During the following day, the sea rose and fell rapidly along the east coast from Mangonui in the north to Bluff in the south, and in a few places along … [Read more...] about Only deadly NZ tsunami on record hit the Chathams, 150 years ago
A HUGE iceberg is threatening to swamp a tiny village in Greenland, sparking fears that the ice could break and cause a tsunami. Here's what we know about the situation so far. What is the Greenland iceberg? A 100-metre-high (330ft) iceberg has drifted close to the tiny Innaarsuit island settlement on Greenland's west coast, prompting fears it will break up and cause a tsunami. The iceberg is 650 ft wide - almost the length of two football pitches and towers over the community, which has a population of about 170. Authorities have told residents of the Innaarsuit island settlement living near the shore to move to higher ground. Lina Davidsen, of Greenland Police, said: “We fear the iceberg could calve [break apart] and send a flood towards the village." Susanne Eliassen, a member of Innaarsuit’s council, said it was not unusual for large icebergs to be seen close to the community. She added: “But this iceberg is the biggest we have seen ... and there are cracks and … [Read more...] about What is the Greenland Iceberg, could it cause a tsunami and is climate change to blame?