The Culham Centre for Fusion Energy in Oxfordshire is a set of large buildings with the unshowy, municipal appearance of a university or a hospital. But while hundreds of doctors – their PhDs mostly in physics, maths or engineering – walk the squeaking lino of its corridors, there are only two patients. Called MAST and JET, they appear as massive, roughly cylindrical assemblies of metal plates, wires and pipes. The larger of the two, JET, sits behind a pair of concrete doors that weigh 800 tonnes apiece. They are experimental reactors for testing nuclear fusion, the process by which stars release their energy. Almost all human history has been powered by fusion, indirectly. Every plant that has ever been eaten, burned or fed to an animal used sunlight to make its energy, and all fossil fuels were once plants or animals. Fusion is arguably the universe’s most fundamental process. If it can be created and controlled on Earth, it will offer humanity an effectively … [Read more...] about ConsumerBusinessSpotlightConsumerBusinessSpotlightConsumerBusinessSpotlightConsumerBusinessSpotlightConsumerBusinessSpotlight The new industry of building stars
2 advantages of fossil fuels
The UK Independence Party (UKIP ) is a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom. It currently has three representatives in the House of Lords and sixteen Members of the European Parliament (MEPs), making it the third-largest UK party in the European Parliament. It has four Assembly Members (AMs) in the National Assembly for Wales and two members in the London Assembly. UKIP originated as the Anti-Federalist League, a single-issue Eurosceptic party established in London by the historian Alan Sked in 1991. It was renamed UKIP in 1993 but its growth remained slow. It was largely eclipsed by the Eurosceptic Referendum Party until the latter's 1997 dissolution. In 1997, Sked was ousted by a faction led by Nigel Farage, who became the party's preeminent figure. In 2006, Farage officially became leader and under his direction the party adopted a wider policy platform and capitalised on concerns about rising immigration, in particular among the White British … [Read more...] about UK Independence Party
A marine turbine submerged 55 metres deep in the Fromveur passage, a strait off Western French coast known for its strong current, has produced 15% of the electricity needed by Ouessant Island since mid-October. EURACTIV France reports. “Nobody has passed through Fromveur here without knowing fear”. According to the saying, Fromveur passage’s strong current is well known to sailors in Britanny’s Finistère département. This location to the north of the Iroise sea, between Molène Island and Ouessant Island, was chosen as the site where Sabella’s D10 marine turbine would be submerged. In this passage, the speed of the current reaches 3 to 4 metres per second. Submerged on 16 October 2018, the machine has started to generate electricity, somewhat reducing the small island’s quite heavy carbon footprint. Currently, the majority of its electricity is produced by generators, which consume almost 2,000,000 litres of fuel a year. The isolated … [Read more...] about Europe’s first marine turbine helps reduce Ouessant Island’s carbon footprint
Advocates of taxing fossil fuels believe their position is stronger now because of an alarming new report on climate change and a Nobel Prize awarded to by two American economists, but neither development is likely to break down political resistance to a carbon tax. Previous alarms about global warming met with resistance from Congress and the White House. President Donald Trump withdrew the U.S. from the Paris agreement on climate change last year. However, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a panel of scientists brought together by the U.N., warned in a report Monday that droughts, wildfires, coral reef destruction and other climate and environmental disasters could grow worse as soon as 2040, even with a smaller increase in temperatures than used to set the Paris targets. A few hours later, the Nobel Prize in economics went to two Americans, including William Nordhaus of Yale University, who argues that carbon taxes would be the best way to address problems created by … [Read more...] about Carbon taxes gain new life, but resistance remains stout
MIKE WATSON Last updated 15:42, July 20 2018 Forget what you think you know about hydrogen - it could be the fuel of the future. ANDY JACKSON/STUFF A truck thunders through New Plymouth - could it one day be run on hydrogen gas instead of diesel? Hydrogen - clean, green and coming to a neighbourhood near you.How soon is the unknown factor, but it's something New Plymouth-based hydrogen fuel start-up entrepreneur Andrew Clennett is keen to bring forward.While the highly-volatile gas may still carry a reputation from the Hindenburg airship disaster of 1937, Clennett says technology has moved forward in the intervening years and hydrogen could now be the saviour of a transportation industry heavily dependent on finite fossil fuels.Clennett's company, Hiringa Energy, is located in the front room of the 165-year-old pioneer settlers' cottage that he and his wife and business partner, Cathy, call home.READ MORE:Oh … [Read more...] about Could hydrogen turn Taranaki into the Norway of the Pacific?