LEGIONNAIRES' disease is a form of pneumonia which is caused by a specific type of Legionella bacteria. But what exactly is it and how is it treated? Here's all you need to know... What is Legionnaires' disease? Legionnaires' disease is a serious lung infection which is caused by Legionella bacteria. It is usually transmitted by inhaling small droplets of infected water but it can't be passed on from person to person. There can be small, harmless amounts of the bacteria in water sources like ponds and rivers. But if it gets into an environment where it can grow such as an air conditioning system, it will multiply quickly. In July 2018, scientists warned those using water butts to wash their cars and hose their gardens risked exposing themselves to Legionella bacteria. A scientific paper seen by The Sunday Times warned: "The presence of legionellae in collected rainwater and their aerosolisation through gardening activities like hosepipe use may have important public health … [Read more...] about What is Legionnaires’ disease and what’s happened at Washington Heights in Manhattan? Symptoms, signs and treatment for the infection
BROADCASTER Richard Bacon was put in a medically induced coma after contracting a mystery respiratory virus. But what is a medically induced coma and why was the former Blue Peter star put in one? Here's what we know... What is an induced coma and why is it used? A coma is a term to describe a state where someone is alive but unconscious and unreactive, with minimal brain activity. Some people are able to breathe on their own, but others have to do so through a machine. It can take anywhere between a few weeks and several years for a person to wake up from a coma. Some people make a full recovery, others have lasting brain damage - normally depending on the cause and severity of their original brain injury. A medically induced coma is when someone is sedated to give them time to recover from a major trauma. The drug-induced sedation can reduce pressure on the skull if the patient has a brain injury - for example after a stroke, tumour or car crash. Patients who have a lack of oxygen to … [Read more...] about What is a medically induced coma and why was Richard Bacon placed in one?
THE cancer drug dinutuximab beta is going to be made more widely available on the NHS following an extensive campaign by Bradley Lowery's mother. Here's everything you need to know about the drug which prolonged Bradley's life... What is dinutuximab beta? Dinutuximab beta is a drug given to children battling high-risk neuroblastoma, which is a rare cancer of the nerve cells usually affecting children under the age of five. While it does not cure the cancer, a course of treatment does have the potential to extend sufferers' lives - like it did in the case of Bradley Lowrey. The drug can give children an extra few weeks or months with their families. However, experts are hoping that its newfound availability will leave some patients "cancer-free for a long period of time", according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). How does the Bradley Lowery cancer drug work? Like other cancer treatments, dinutuximab beta works by attacking the abnormal cells. Dr … [Read more...] about What is dinutuximab beta, how does the Bradley Lowery cancer drug work and when will it be available on the NHS?
NATURAL remedy milk thistle has been praised for its benefits, however, it isn't as clear what it can and can't help. Here's everything we know about the herb... What is milk thistle? Milk thistle is an European thistle with a single purple flower in the centre and pointed leaves, it's known as a common weed. The plan, if left alone can reach up to five feet in height. It is naturalised in the US and is often used in herbal medicine in different forms. It can be consumed orally though supplements or even in tea, and it can be combined with other herbs. What are the different benefits? The benefits range, but there are many that milk thistle are often linked to. These include providing heart benefits by lowering cholesterol levels and helping those with type 2 diabetes and cirrhosis, however, it's not been completely proven yet. It is an anti-inflammatory and an antioxidant, but the benefits of these to the body are unclear. Some research suggests that those who have alcohol-related … [Read more...] about What are the benefits of milk thistle, is it a hangover cure, can it treat liver problems and are there any side effects?
KETAMINE can have powerful beneficial effects on severely depressed patients, British experts claim. But how could this party drug help people suffering mental illness? Here's the lowdown... What is Ketamine? Although Ketamine is synonymous with illegal drug taking, it’s already a licensed medicine used as an aneasthetic. It puts the patient in a trance like state so they can’t feel pain while also acting as a sedative. It was discovered in 1962 and was used in casualty clearing stations in the Vietnam war as an anesthetic. But its mind-altering effects has made it a popular party drug and the hallucinatory experience is commonly known as being K-holed. It was not until the late 1980s and the arrival of rave culture that it really took off as a recreational drug. It can be used as a date rape drug due to it being odourless and colourless. What are the side effects? The drug can lead to a high and hallucinations that lasts for about an hour. Side effects can include: … [Read more...] about What is Ketamine, what are the side effects and can the drug help battle depression?