Three in five Americans say the US is in a recession, according to the latest Economist/YouGov poll. So how come it’s not official?
Soaring inflation – the highest rate since the 1980s – has soured the mood for many. Some Americans are driving less to save petrol, forgoing pricey organic produce and looking for deals to save a few dollars.
There’s more bad news. The once-roaring housing market is slowing, making the equity locked in property less of a sure thing. The S&P 500 has also taken a hit. The index is down 19% for the year, disappearing trillions in wealth and suddenly making everyone from young investors to soon-to-be retirees sweat.
But this may just be a recession in mood only, as the official governing body in charge of declaring remains quiet on the issue.
What is a recession anyway?
In a growing economy, a country’s citizens become slightly richer on average as the value of the goods and services they produce – its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – increases.
But sometimes that value falls, and a recession is usually defined as when this happens for two three-month periods – or quarters – in a row.
Typically it’s a sign the economy is doing badly and can mean that, in the short term, businesses have more layoffs.
So is America in recession?
US GDP has fallen for two consecutive quarters – 1.6% during the first quarter of 2022, and 0.6% the next. In most countries, that’s a recession. Just not in the US.
The official recession call is made by the Business Cycle Dating Committee – a little-known group of eight economists chosen by the National Bureau of Economic Research, a non-profit organisation. And so far, the committee has refused to use the R word.
How do higher interest rates affect the US economy?
To lower prices, America’s central bank – the US Federal Reserve – is raising interest rates. The idea is that by making it more expensive to borrow money, people will spend less and save more.
This decrease in consumer demand will bring down prices for goods and services that have skyrocketed – but it’s taking a while. Even though petrol prices have fallen recently, the cost of food and rents has continued to climb, putting America’s central bank in a tight spot.
The Fed is expected to raise its key short-term interest rate by three-quarters of a point for the third consecutive time at its latest meeting, in hopes of quickening the decline in prices. Such a large hike would lift its benchmark rate – which affects many consumer and business loans – to a range of 3% to 3.25%, the highest level in 14 years.
The danger is that, if they go too far, it could choke economic growth and cause a spike in joblessness – a risk fuelling current recession fears.
Long and ugly?
Recession or not, the question is, what’s next? Some see a downturn as inevitable.
“There’s never been a moment when we’ve had inflation above 4% and unemployment below 4%, and we didn’t have a recession within two years,” former US Treasury Secretary Larry Summers said recently.
Economist Nouriel Roubini – who predicted the 2008 crash – agrees.
He expects a “long and ugly” recession that could last until 2023 and tank stocks by 40%.
The case for a soft landing
Despite the dire warnings, there are plenty who believe a “soft landing” – a moderate economic slowdown, instead of a full-on recession – is still possible. Under such a scenario, you might see slower growth without the upheaval associated with a full-blown downturn.
Driving that optimism is America’s strong job market. Employers added 315,000 new workers in August. That’s hardly a sign of a sputtering economy, according to US Federal Reserve Governor Christopher Waller.
In a recent speech in Vienna, he dismissed recession fears, saying: “The robust US labour market is giving us the flexibility to be aggressive in our fight against inflation.”
The Fed has said it won’t hesitate to keep interest rates high, for as long as it takes to drive down inflation. With the US central bank preparing to show it won’t flinch in its resolve to lower prices, the process is unlikely to be smooth. If it raises rates by too much, the economy could plunge into recession. Raise them by too little and inflation continues to soar.
The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta President Raphael Bostic acknowledged it was a difficult high-wire act to pull off, saying recently that a soft landing is “a very hard thing to do”.
- French Economy Plunges Into Deep Recession Due to COVID-19 Fallout
- Britain ‘on course to avoid first double-dip recession’ since 1970s
- A fight between the EU and UK reveals the ugly truth about vaccine nationalism
- ROSS CLARK: With a double-dip recession looming, a tax raid is the last thing we need
- COVID-19: IMF trims forecast for UK's recovery from coronavirus downturn
- World Insights: China's remarkable economic performance bolsters global efforts against pandemic, recession
- IMF: Investor complacency may trigger sharp downturn
- The Big Ugly Fat Fella flies into the future: Seventy years after the first B-52, the world's most brutal bomber is being refitted to clock up a century in service
- Yellen rallies Treasury staff to battle coronavirus recession
- Crystal Palace beat Wolves in ugly match thanks to moment of beauty from Eberechi Eze
- Energy flagging? Petroleum engineering enrollment down, not out, during downturn
- The regime didn't like that his films featured ugly people. Dušan Hanák's work finally released
- ISIL-K’s new leader heads India operations; may’ve earlier affiliation with Haqqani network: U.N.
- Janet Yellen confirmed as first woman to head the US Treasury
- Lockdown costs the Treasury more than £2.9BILLION in lost air passenger duty while VAT receipts suffer worst fall since 2008 recession and income tax has also been hammered
- Burns victims and people with scars show off their body insecurities in stunning black and white photo series after being asked to 'rock their ugly'
- The pros and cons of running the economy hot
- Senate confirms Yellen as first female Treasury secretary
- Wrong to term economic crisis act of God, govt policies responsible: CPI
- Poll: 62 percent think Biden will do a 'good job' handling economic crisis
Recession: Is the US heading into an 'ugly' downturn? have 1076 words, post on www.bbc.co.uk at September 21, 2022. This is cached page on Europe Breaking News. If you want remove this page, please contact us.